High rates of economic growth and the scale of production in China have a great impact on the ecology of the country. The destruction of the natural environment has reached a level, which is not only incompatible with health and even life of future generations, but also of people living today, especially in the most developed industrial regions. A sharp deterioration in the ecological situation in China requires urgent solutions because the exacerbation of environmental problems has acquired an extremely dangerous character as mentioned in various essays https://custom-writing.net/marvelous-essay-service
Currently, air pollution is one of the most important environmental problems because it has surpassed the world indicators. A huge damage caused by the Chinese industry to the environment has already affected neighboring countries and the planet as a whole. Smoke fog resulting from the operation of coal-fired power plants and heavy industry enterprises is a long-standing problem of China, which is especially noticeable in its capital and adjacent areas of North China. The first major issue of air pollution is coal since the country spends about two-thirds of it on its energy needs.
Furthermore, the country’s authorities often announce an ‘orange’ level because of exhaust gases of road transport. As such, the concentration of hazardous substances in the air exceeds the standards of the World Health Organization by more than 17 times (Mattrick). Moreover, the public raises the greatest concern in relation to burning coal and industrial growth that result in air, water, and soil pollution. The government is supposed to cut the volume of coal burning to protect the environment. For example, it is planning to eliminate the amount of coal for winter heaters.
Water pollution is another serious environmental problem in China. In particular, it kills the marine life and results in great shortages in drinking water. While there is relatively enough water in southern China, the north, which is home for half of the population, has the tendency to turn into the biggest desert. Moreover, pollutants from industries and agriculture go to the Yellow River, killing the marine life. Although the Chinese authorities undertake different measures, implementing recovery projects, such as a network of canals, they do not help much to change the situation for the best. Thus, the north still stays chronically thirsty. Consequently, water shortages affect farmers, encouraging them to use extra measures to water their crops.
Furthermore, in their search for profit and economic growth, most manufactures dump waste directly into the surface water. As a result, one-third of Chinese river water has the most degraded level, Grade V, which can be fit only for agricultural and industrial use. In addition, scarce resources of water affect people’s health resulting in deadly diseases. Admittedly, the country suffers from water-related problems more than from polluted air. Therefore, currently, China is on the threshold of the world’s largest water crisis. The country’s leadership admits that the deterioration of water resources is a source of instability, which threatens food security. However, it cannot cope with the growth of social discontent.
All factors mentioned above make China one of the main culprits of global warming, which has already become a threat to the environmental security of the whole world. Many studies suggest that China’s desertification, deforestation, loss of arable land, erosion, acid rains, salinization, heavy metal pollution, and biodiversity loss affect the environment causing climate change. According to new research, the country is responsible for ten percent of all aerosols and greenhouse gases. Thus, the latter and emissions of carbon dioxide contribute to global warming. This situation has occurred for many years and requires an urgent solution.
Global warming begins with the melting of glaciers, which causes the level of seas to rise, thereby disrupting the balance of ecosystems and increasing the earth’s temperature. This effect cannot be stopped, because, in fact, scientists have failed to destroy dangerous viruses in countries where they already exist, not to mention those that can still be infected. Nowadays, the desertification of big territories in China is direct evidence of global warming. Consequently, the lack of fresh water can cause conflicts and even wars. Furthermore, a rise in the average temperature can lead to the loss of animal and plant species, severe winters, forest fires, droughts, hurricanes, floods, and more.
The Recent Environmental Policy in China
The industrial landscape of China encourages state leaders to implement numerous environmental policies in order to eliminate air, water, and ground pollution. Besides, China aims to become a leader who spends all its efforts to limit climate change. Thus, a continuing policy debate resulted in the adoption of pollution control policies in 2013. This agreement was reached in accordance with prior negotiations with the USA. This policy aims to clean global energy systems and prevent climate change through renewable energy gigawatts. Therefore, China has confirmed its previous direction towards getting its primary energy from non-fossil fuels in the future.
Thus, being a rapidly developed industrial country, China has faced more environmental challenges than any other state. They comprise air and water pollution as well as global warming. The world and local authorities implement different policies to eliminate these consequences. There is hope that by 2030 China will have had its primary energy from non-fossil fuels.